“In addition to our cooperation within NATO or other organization, Turkey has been engaging with the regional countries, Eastern and European countries,"
“What we are discussing at NATO, particularly when we are talking about the (next) 10 years, (are) the future of NATO, the adaptation of NATO to new challenges, and the threats,” Mevlut Cavusoglu told the 7th Warsaw Security Forum.
“And that presents us many opportunities of cooperation, particularly between Turkey and Eastern and Central European countries, including the Baltic regions,” he added.
Cavusoglu was speaking along with his counterparts from Finland, Pekka Olavi Haavisto, Ukraine, Dmytro Kuleba, and Poland, Zbigniew Rau, at a panel discussion titled “From the Baltic to the Black Sea: Unlocking the Strategic Potential of the Region.”
“I think Poland also sees like that. That is why Poland sent airplanes to the Incirlik base in Turkey recently to support NATO’s efforts to that end, and vice versa, we actually sent F16s to Poland to support NATO’s air policing,” the Turkish minister said.
“And we have also officers in Poland, and at NATO missions in Poland and Baltic States,” he added. “But indivisibility of the security of Euro Atlantic is the main principle of NATO right now.”
“Therefore, Baltics, eastern flanks and southern flank of NATO, the Indian Baltic, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and this is how Turkey sees,” he stated. “In addition to our cooperation within NATO or other organization, Turkey has been engaging with the regional countries, Eastern and European countries.”
The challenges talked about these days mostly are COVID-19 and predictions about the post-COVID-19 era, Cavusoglu said, adding: “But we are facing other challenges as well in our region and beyond. Hybrid, and also other kinds of threats like cyber threats, along with the conventional threat that we have been facing like terrorism, and many other challenges.”
He also underscored the “very important” trilateral mechanism between Turkey, Poland and Romania and said: “We decided to upgrade this mechanism to the leaders' level, and in Turkey next year, we will bring the leaders together.”
“So, there are many platforms, and many areas; defense industry cooperation and cooperation in IT, logistics and connectivity, connectivity in the Balkans and energy. There are many areas that we have been cooperating with the countries in Eastern and Central Europe.”
When asked about ongoing tensions between Russia and NATO, Cavusoglu said the Black Sea was key to Euro-Atlantic security.
"That is exactly what we're doing as NATO allies, and the Black Sea countries, as well," he said, adding that this was the "main reason" for establishing the trilateral cooperation mechanism with Poland and Romania.
"So, we need to show our solidarity. Of course, at the same time, we have to be realistic. And we have this dual-track approach at NATO towards Russia," he explained.
Noting that while some members of NATO argued for more engagement and some preferred deterrence, Cavusoglu said: "So, this is also important because the coherence and unity of NATO is as important as our defense capability."
"And, we have been very candid and open with Russia. And we are engaging with them, and President (Recep Tayyip) Erdogan was also very open and candid during his meeting with President (Vladimir) Putin in Sochi," he said, referring to a recent meeting between the two leaders last week.
"And, we have been very open in our policies, for instance, our support to Ukraine, our support to Georgia," he added.
Cavusoglu reiterated that Ankara also would not recognize Moscow's illegal annexation of Crimea.
"We need to continue supporting the Black Sea countries Ukraine and Georgia," he said. "We need to support them to actually strengthen their capabilities at the same time, and also to have better relations with NATO."
He also said Poland and Turkey were among the "unfortunately few NATO allies that are raising this issue at every single ministerial and every single summit."
Cooperation, dialogue rather than competition
When asked whether China is perceived as a threat or an opportunity, Cavusoglu said: "As a principal, Turkey is for more cooperation and dialogue rather than competition."
Noting that the region has been concerned with the rivalry between the US and China, Cavusoglu said there had been tensions in the region, as well. "And this competition even affected the alliance, as well, recently," he said, referring to a spat stemming from a trilateral defense pact of the US, the UK and Australia that angered France.
"NATO sees China as a challenge, still not as a threat, as Russia. In the documents we see, we see China as a challenge," he noted, adding that this challenge should be dealt with together.
"But, what is the alternative?" he asked. "Yes, we are asking these countries now not to have Chinese companies, or not to have Chinese technologies. In return, what are we providing? What is the alternative?"
"How much are we supporting Balkan countries and North African countries?" he asked. "We are doing nothing, we are competing between ourselves. And meanwhile, who can fill this kind of vacuum? Of course, superpowers (can). So this is my point and China is trying to be more active in global politics."
"It is a challenge sometimes. It is an opportunity for many countries, but particularly for developing and least-developed countries," he added.
Cavusoglu also expressed concern over the human rights situation in the Xinjiang region and the rights of Uyghur Turks there.